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Rephael Cattan

1186 – Birchas Hareiach – (Klal 61 Siman 12) – Bracha on Smell 16- Perfumery 2; Leaving and Returning

 We are beginning siman 12. The Chayei Adam continues discussing the halachos of a perfumery; specifically, how often the bracha is made. If one leaves the store with the intent to return, the leaving is not considered a hefsek, and one does not make a new bracha upon their return. If one leaves and effects …

1186 – Birchas Hareiach – (Klal 61 Siman 12) – Bracha on Smell 16- Perfumery 2; Leaving and Returning Read More »

1185 – Birchas Hareiach – (Klal 61 Siman 10-11) – Bracha on Smell 15 – Perfumery

 We are continuing in siman 10. The Chayei Adam now discusses the halacha of one who walks into a perfume store. The primary function of the items in the store are as merchandise, not for smell, so we would have thought that one does not make a bracha on them, as we learned yesterday (shiur …

1185 – Birchas Hareiach – (Klal 61 Siman 10-11) – Bracha on Smell 15 – Perfumery Read More »

1184 – Birchas Hareiach – (Klal 61 Siman 10) – Bracha on Smell 14 – Bread

 We are continuing in siman 10. The Chayei Adam discusses the possibility of making a bracha on the smell of fresh bread.  If one does not pick up the bread, but the smell wafts to them, one does not make a bracha, because at that moment the primary function of the bread can be assumed …

1184 – Birchas Hareiach – (Klal 61 Siman 10) – Bracha on Smell 14 – Bread Read More »

1183 – Birchas Hareiach – (Klal 61 Siman 10) – Bracha on Smell 13 – Esrog

 We are beginning siman 10. The Chayei Adam returns to the rule he stated previously that birchos hareiach are only recited on an item whose function, or primary function, is for smelling. The bracha of hanosein reiach tov bapeiros would appear to contradict this rule, as a fruit is assumed to function primarily for eating, …

1183 – Birchas Hareiach – (Klal 61 Siman 10) – Bracha on Smell 13 – Esrog Read More »

1182 – Birchas Hareiach – (Klal 61 Siman 9) – Bracha on Smell 12 – The Relationship Between Atzei and Isvei Besamim

We are beginning siman 9. The Chayei Adam writes that if one recites borei isvei besamim on an item which requires the bracha borei atzei besamim, or vice versa, they are not yotzei, and one must recite the correct bracha.  This halacha contrasts the halachos of haeitz and haadama. We have learned that if one …

1182 – Birchas Hareiach – (Klal 61 Siman 9) – Bracha on Smell 12 – The Relationship Between Atzei and Isvei Besamim Read More »

1181 – Birchas Hareiach – (Klal 61 Siman 8) – Bracha on Smell 11 – Order of Brachos; Shehakol on Smell

 We are beginning siman 8. The Chayei Adam discusses the halachos of kedima, proper order, for brachos on smell. In the same way that we have an order regarding food items (hamotzi precedes mezonos, etc.), there is an order regarding smells as well. We have learned that the reason for the precedence regarding food is …

1181 – Birchas Hareiach – (Klal 61 Siman 8) – Bracha on Smell 11 – Order of Brachos; Shehakol on Smell Read More »

1180 – Birchas Hareiach – (Klal 61 Siman 7) – Bracha on Smell 10 – Oils and Water 2; Perfume

 We are continuing in siman 7. We will review the halachos we have learned thus far, and discuss some practical applications. The Chayei Adam wrote that if a liquid has an intrinsic smell, such as tzari sap, one makes the bracha of borei shemen areiv.  Olives or other fruits which are crushed to produce a …

1180 – Birchas Hareiach – (Klal 61 Siman 7) – Bracha on Smell 10 – Oils and Water 2; Perfume Read More »

1179 – Birchas Hareiach – (Klal 61 Siman 7) – Bracha on Smell 9 – Oils and Water 1

We are beginning siman 7. The Chayei Adam will discuss the brachos on liquids.  The Chayei Adam does not discuss the bracha of borei shemen areiv, a bracha which the Shulchan Aruch holds is made on tzari oil. There is debate regarding the exact definition of tzari oil, but most poskim hold it refers to …

1179 – Birchas Hareiach – (Klal 61 Siman 7) – Bracha on Smell 9 – Oils and Water 1 Read More »

1178 – Birchas Hareiach – (Klal 61 Siman 6) – Bracha on Smell 8 – Designating for Smelling Purposes; Trees

 The poskim write that the minhag for Ashkenazim is to always make the bracha borei minei besamim at havdalah, regardless of the type of smell used. Although one is generally obligated to recite the most specific bracha possible (similar to shehakol versus other brachos regarding foods), since havdalah is done by all, including those who …

1178 – Birchas Hareiach – (Klal 61 Siman 6) – Bracha on Smell 8 – Designating for Smelling Purposes; Trees Read More »

1177 – Birchas Hareiach – (Klal 61 Siman 6) – Bracha on Smell 7 – Defining What is an Eitz or Eisev 2

 We are continuing in siman 6. When we learned the brachos of haeitz and haadama on foods, we learned that there are a few criteria to determine when an item becomes haeitz. All poskim agree that a part of the tree must last from year to year to be haeitz. There is a machlokes rishonim …

1177 – Birchas Hareiach – (Klal 61 Siman 6) – Bracha on Smell 7 – Defining What is an Eitz or Eisev 2 Read More »

1175 – Birchas Hareiach – (Klal 61 Siman 5-6) – Bracha on Smell 6 – Peppercorns; Defining What is an Eitz or Eisev

  We are continuing in siman 5. THe Chayei Adam writes that one should avoid smelling peppercorns (which are a tree berry) and ginger. These items are generally not used for their smell, but for their taste. Therefore, some poskim hold they do not receive a bracha, and others hold that even if the consensus …

1175 – Birchas Hareiach – (Klal 61 Siman 5-6) – Bracha on Smell 6 – Peppercorns; Defining What is an Eitz or Eisev Read More »

1175 – Birchas Hareiach – (Klal 61 Siman 4-5) – Bracha on Smell 5 – Cloves, Rosehips

 We are beginning siman 4. The Chayei Adam writes that the bracha on cloves is borei minei besamim. Borei minei besamim is the most general bracha for smell, and is only recited when there is not a more specific bracha that can be recited. Cloves grow on a tree, and are the fruit of a …

1175 – Birchas Hareiach – (Klal 61 Siman 4-5) – Bracha on Smell 5 – Cloves, Rosehips Read More »

1174 – Birchas Hareiach – (Klal 61 Siman 2) – Bracha on Smell 4 – Bracha for Nice Smelling Fruits 3; Primary Function

 We have finished siman 2 and have a few points to clarify. The Chayei Adam wrote that the correct text of the bracha for good smelling fruits is asher nosan reiach tov bapeiros, in past tense. Many siddurim have the text hanosein reiach tov bapeiros, in the present tense. The Chayei Adam, Mishnah Berurah and …

1174 – Birchas Hareiach – (Klal 61 Siman 2) – Bracha on Smell 4 – Bracha for Nice Smelling Fruits 3; Primary Function Read More »

1173 – Birchas Hareiach – (Klal 61 Siman 2) – Bracha on Smell 3- Bracha for Nice Smelling Fruits 2; Kavana 1

 We are continuing in siman 2 regarding the bracha of asher nosan reiach tov bapeiros. We learned yesterday that one should avoid smelling an esrog during Sukkos, due to the machlokes whether one should make a bracha. It is important to point out that the Mishnah Berurah writes that if one does pick up an …

1173 – Birchas Hareiach – (Klal 61 Siman 2) – Bracha on Smell 3- Bracha for Nice Smelling Fruits 2; Kavana 1 Read More »

1172 – Birchas Hareiach – (Klal 61 Siman 2) – Bracha on Smell 2 – Bracha for Nice Smelling Fruits

 We are beginning siman 2. There are multiple brachos determined by Chazal for smell: The most general bracha is borei minei besamim.  Borei isvei besamim is for items which grow as grasses.  Borei atzei besamim is for items which grow on trees or tree-like plants.  Fruits which have a beautiful smell are asher nosan reiach …

1172 – Birchas Hareiach – (Klal 61 Siman 2) – Bracha on Smell 2 – Bracha for Nice Smelling Fruits Read More »

1171 – Birchas Hareiach – (Klal 61 Siman 1) – Bracha on Smell 1 – Introduction

We are beginning Klal 61, which discusses the brachos made on smell.  The Chayei Adam begins by writing that one is forbidden to derive benefit from a good smell without making a bracha. We know there is a general rule, also learned from a pasuk, prohibiting benefit from this world without a bracha, but the …

1171 – Birchas Hareiach – (Klal 61 Siman 1) – Bracha on Smell 1 – Introduction Read More »

1169 Klal 60 Siman 5: Extending Brachos 11 – The Item Fell Before He Ate It; Klal 5 Siman 7

 In siman 6, the Chayei Adam discusses situations a) of one who makes a bracha on a fruit before the fruit was in front of them, b) if the fruit dropped between making the bracha and before eating from it, and c) when makes a bracha and then realizes their item was inedible. The Chayei …

1169 Klal 60 Siman 5: Extending Brachos 11 – The Item Fell Before He Ate It; Klal 5 Siman 7 Read More »

1168 Klal 60 Siman 5: Extending Brachos 10 – Waiting for the Food; Klal 5 Siman 7

 We have finished siman 5, and there are a few points we need to clarify. We learned (shiur 1164, 1167) that, by default, a bracha does not extend from food to drink or vice versa. Rav Elyashiv ztl adds that this halacha also applies to even different foods or different drinks which serve different functions, …

1168 Klal 60 Siman 5: Extending Brachos 10 – Waiting for the Food; Klal 5 Siman 7 Read More »

1167 Klal 60 Siman 5: Extending Brachos 9 – Other Details of Extending Brachos

 We have finished siman 5, and there are a few points we need to clarify. We learned the halacha of a guest, and the ability for one to outsource their daas to someone else. Rav Elyashiv zt”l applied this halacha to a husband and wife, if one of them is not involved in the decisions …

1167 Klal 60 Siman 5: Extending Brachos 9 – Other Details of Extending Brachos Read More »

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