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Rephael Cattan

Maaseh Shabbos 2- Shinui in the Chafetz (Klal 9 Siman 11) Hilchos Shabbos – S0296

  Sponsorships for the upcoming Klalim, which discuss the 39 melachos of Shabbos, are available. Please contact Rabbi Reingold for more information at rabbireingold@gmail.com or 301.996.5910 We are continuing in siman 11, which discusses the concept of maaseh Shabbos. We learned that when a non-Jew performs unauthorized amira l’akum, the melacha is assur on motzei […]

Maaseh Shabbos 2- Shinui in the Chafetz (Klal 9 Siman 11) Hilchos Shabbos – S0296 Read More »

Maaseh Shabbos 1 (Klal 9 Siman 11) Hilchos Shabbos – S0295

  Sponsorships for the upcoming Klalim, which discuss the 39 melachos of Shabbos, are available. Please contact Rabbi Reingold for more information at rabbireingold@gmail.com or 301.996.5910   We are beginning siman 11, which discusses the concept of maaseh Shabbos. We mentioned this concept earlier and learned that there is an opinion in the Gemara that

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Patur and Assur Miderabanan 2 (Klal 9 Siman 10) Hilchos Shabbos – S0294

We are continuing in siman 10, where we learned the difference between patur and muttar. In siman 340, the Biur Halacha points out that the halacha is that chatzi shiur is patur. Based on our understanding of the word patur, chatzi shiur should only be assur miderabanan, which is in accordance with the opinion of

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Doing a Partial Melacha – 5 – Isavida Machshavto – (Klal 9 Siman 9) – Hilchos Shabbos -S0292

We are continuing in siman 9. The Chayei Adam is discussing one who begins a large project, such as writing a letter, harvesting a field, or weaving a basket, but only performs a small part of the project. One could mistakenly think that since they have not completed the entire project, it is considered a

Doing a Partial Melacha – 5 – Isavida Machshavto – (Klal 9 Siman 9) – Hilchos Shabbos -S0292 Read More »

Doing a Partial Melacha – 4 – Zeh Aino Yachol;  Mesayeia – (Klal 9 Siman 9)- Hilchos Shabbos -S0291

We are continuing in siman 9, discussing the concept of performing a partial melacha. The Chayei Adam discusses a caveat given to us by Chazal. We mentioned that one of the ways to perform a partial melacha is to perform the melacha with someone else, such that both people are performing the melacha together. This

Doing a Partial Melacha – 4 – Zeh Aino Yachol;  Mesayeia – (Klal 9 Siman 9)- Hilchos Shabbos -S0291 Read More »

Performing a Complete Melacha 3; Chatzi Shiur 2; Hakal Kal Kodem (Klal 9 Siman 9) Hilchos Shabbos – S0290

  We are beginning siman 9, where the Chayei Adam discusses the concept of performance of a full melacha versus performance of a partial melacha. We left off discussing the difference between the concept of performing a partial melacha, where one is patur mideoraysa, and chatzi shiur, where one is chayav mideoraysa.    The achronim

Performing a Complete Melacha 3; Chatzi Shiur 2; Hakal Kal Kodem (Klal 9 Siman 9) Hilchos Shabbos – S0290 Read More »

Performing a Complete Melacha 2; Shnayim Sheasu 1; Chatzi Shiur 1 (Klal 9 Siman 9) Hilchos Shabbos – S0289

  We are beginning siman 9, where the Chayei Adam discusses the concept of performance of a full melacha versus performance of a partial melacha. The Chayei Adam writes that another application of this concept is where two people perform a melacha together. For example, two people holding a pen together and writing two letters.

Performing a Complete Melacha 2; Shnayim Sheasu 1; Chatzi Shiur 1 (Klal 9 Siman 9) Hilchos Shabbos – S0289 Read More »

Performing a Complete Melacha 1 (Klal 9 Siman 9) Hilchos Shabbos – S0288

  We are beginning siman 9, where the Chayei Adam discusses the concept of performance of a full melacha versus performance of a partial melacha. One application of this concept is when a melacha has multiple steps to its performance, and those steps are spread out amongst different people. None of those people are chayav

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Misaseik 6 – Not Fully Conscious Actions (Klal 9 Siman 8) Hilchos Shabbos – S0287

  We are continuing in siman 8, discussing the concept of misaseik. The concept of misaseik has taught us that one who is not fully aware of the action they are performing is not considered a shogeig. Shogeig refers to one who is fully aware of their actions but forgot some of the halachos relevant

Misaseik 6 – Not Fully Conscious Actions (Klal 9 Siman 8) Hilchos Shabbos – S0287 Read More »

Misaseik 5 – Maaseh Shabbos for a Misaseik 2 (Klal 9 Siman 8) Hilchos Shabbos – S0286

We are continuing in siman 8, discussing the concept of misaseik. We left off discussing whether misaseik is assur on a Torah level or whether it is completely a din derabanan. This question is the subject of a long teshuva by Rav Akiva Eiger, based on a long Tosfos in Maseches Shabbos and Kerisos.  Rav

Misaseik 5 – Maaseh Shabbos for a Misaseik 2 (Klal 9 Siman 8) Hilchos Shabbos – S0286 Read More »

Misaseik 4 – Maaseh Shabbos for a Misaseik 1 (Klal 9 Siman 8) Hilchos Shabbos – S0285

  We are continuing in siman 8, discussing the concept of misaseik. We need to discuss misaseik within the context of maaseh Shabbos. If a person performs melacha on Shabbos, Chazal place certain limitations on whether the outcome of the melacha can be enjoyed on Shabbos. One opinion in the Gemara is that maaseh Shabbos

Misaseik 4 – Maaseh Shabbos for a Misaseik 1 (Klal 9 Siman 8) Hilchos Shabbos – S0285 Read More »

Misaseik 3 – Informing that the Eruv is Down (Klal 9 Siman 8) Hilchos Shabbos – S0284

  We are continuing in siman 8, discussing the concept of misaseik. We left off with a question regarding when the eruv is down and whether one must inform others that the eruv is down, or are those who carry unknowingly considered misaseik.    Rav Moshe Feinstein and Rav Ahron Kotler bring a proof to

Misaseik 3 – Informing that the Eruv is Down (Klal 9 Siman 8) Hilchos Shabbos – S0284 Read More »

Misaseik 2 – Assur Miderabanan (Klal 9 Siman 8) Hilchos Shabbos – S0283

    We are continuing in siman 8, discussing the concept of misaseik. We left off discussing the practical relevance of the concept of misaseik, and whether it only applies after the fact, after something has been done without intention. One relevance of this concept is the question of whether one must take steps to

Misaseik 2 – Assur Miderabanan (Klal 9 Siman 8) Hilchos Shabbos – S0283 Read More »

Misaseik 1 – Introduction (Klal 9 Siman 8) Hilchos Shabbos – S0282

      We are beginning siman 8, where the Chayei Adam will discuss the concept of misaseik. The classic concept of misaseik would be difficult to apply to hilchos Shabbos, other than as it relates to korbanos. The halacha is that a person is chayav a korban when they transgress an issur on Shabbos

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Melacha Sheaina Tzricha Legufa 5 – Applications of Melacha Sheaina Tzricha Legufa (Klal 9 Siman 7) Hilchos Shabbos – S0281

  We are continuing in siman 7, and we last learned that although melacha she’eina tzricha legufah is derabanan, it does not enjoy the standard leniencies which apply to an issur derabanan. We learned (S277) that, according to the Rambam, melacha she’eina tzricha legufah is deoraysa, and would require a korban when transgressed b’shogeig. However,

Melacha Sheaina Tzricha Legufa 5 – Applications of Melacha Sheaina Tzricha Legufa (Klal 9 Siman 7) Hilchos Shabbos – S0281 Read More »

Melacha Sheaina Tzricha Legufa 4 – Chumros of Melacha Sheaina Tzricha Legufa (Klal 9 Siman 7) Hilchos Shabbos – S0280

  We are continuing in siman 7. We learned (shiur S277) that the Ran says that melacha she’eina tzricha legufah is more chamur than an average derabanan, because it is so similar to the issur deoraysa. One can see two people digging a hole; one person will be transgressing an issur deoraysa and the other

Melacha Sheaina Tzricha Legufa 4 – Chumros of Melacha Sheaina Tzricha Legufa (Klal 9 Siman 7) Hilchos Shabbos – S0280 Read More »

Melacha Sheaina Tzricha Legufa 3 – Comparing Psik Reisha and Melacha Sheaina Tzricha Legufa (Klal 9 Siman 7) Hilchos Shabbos – S0279

We are continuing in siman 7, where we left off with a question about the interface between melacha she’eina tzricha legufa and psik reisha. This question applies both to psik reisha d’lo nicha lei and to psik reisha d’nicha lei. The impetus behind the question is that the Gemara says that Rav Shimon agrees by

Melacha Sheaina Tzricha Legufa 3 – Comparing Psik Reisha and Melacha Sheaina Tzricha Legufa (Klal 9 Siman 7) Hilchos Shabbos – S0279 Read More »

Melacha Sheaina Tzricha Legufa 2 – Second Example; Defining Legufa (Klal 9 Siman 7) Hilchos Shabbos – S0278

  We are continuing in siman 7, discussing the concept of melacha she’tzricha legufa and melacha she’eina tzricha legufa. The Chayei Adam gave an example of one who digs a hole for the purpose of the dirt rather than for the purpose of the hole.    The Chayei Adam gives another example of one who

Melacha Sheaina Tzricha Legufa 2 – Second Example; Defining Legufa (Klal 9 Siman 7) Hilchos Shabbos – S0278 Read More »

Davar She’eino Mishkavein 9 – Melacha She’eina Tzricha Legufa (Klal 9 Siman 7) Hilchos Shabbos – S0277

  We are beginning siman 7, where the Chayei Adam introduces the concept of melacha she’eina tzricha legufa. This concept is unique to Shabbos, and Rashi explains that this unique halacha is a result of the concept of meleches machsheves.    The Chayei Adam writes that, according to the Rambam, a melecha she’eina tzriacha legufa

Davar She’eino Mishkavein 9 – Melacha She’eina Tzricha Legufa (Klal 9 Siman 7) Hilchos Shabbos – S0277 Read More »

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