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Birchos Hodaah

1213 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 63 Siman 2) – Shelo Chisar B’olamo Klum 

We are beginning siman 2. When one sees fruit trees in their first stage of budding, which is when the flower which precedes the fruit emerges from the branch, one recites the bracha of shelo chisar b’olamo klum. The Gemara says that the bracha is generally made in Nissan. However, Nissan is not a hard …

1213 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 63 Siman 2) – Shelo Chisar B’olamo Klum  Read More »

1212 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 63 Siman 1) – Shekacha Lo B’olamo – 1

 We are beginning Klal 63, which discusses various birchos hashevach. Birchos hashevach are defined as brachos made on scenarios which arouse appreciation of the chesed of hashem, or the power of hashem, in the world.  The Chayei Adam begins with the bracha of shekacha lo b’olamo. This bracha is made on extraordinary natural phenomenon or …

1212 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 63 Siman 1) – Shekacha Lo B’olamo – 1 Read More »

1211 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 62 Siman 12-15) – Hatov U’meitiv 19 – On a Second Wine 7; Savri and Bireshus 2

  We have finished Klal 62 and have a few more points to clarify.  We left off discussing the concept of shomeiah k’oneh. We learned that mideoraysa, anyone can be yotzei any bracha through the concept of shomeiah k’oneh, but the Rabanan placed certain limits. Today, we will learn how those limits apply to being …

1211 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 62 Siman 12-15) – Hatov U’meitiv 19 – On a Second Wine 7; Savri and Bireshus 2 Read More »

1210 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 62 Siman 12-15) – Hatov U’meitiv 18 – On a Second Wine 6; Savri and Bireshus 1

 We have finished Klal 62 and have a few more points to clarify.  In siman 15, the Chayei Adam wrote that if a group is drinking wine, one person should make the bracha for everyone. If the group is eating as well, every person should make their own bracha, as we are concerned that if …

1210 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 62 Siman 12-15) – Hatov U’meitiv 18 – On a Second Wine 6; Savri and Bireshus 1 Read More »

1209 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 62 Siman 15) – Hatov U’meitiv 17 – On a Second Wine 5; Saying Hagafen on Second Kos

 We have finished Klal 62 and have a few points to clarify. The bracha of hatov vehametiv only applies when the second wine is brought out while the first wine is still available. If the second wine is brought out because the first wine is finished, the bracha is not recited. We have learned (shiur …

1209 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 62 Siman 15) – Hatov U’meitiv 17 – On a Second Wine 5; Saying Hagafen on Second Kos Read More »

1208 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 62 Siman 12-15) – Hatov U’meitiv 16 – On a Second Wine 4; More Details

 We are continuing in siman 12. The Chayei Adam writes that, although red wine has superior flavor over white wine, white wine is healthier for the body, so hatov umeitiv can be made over the white wine. And, since red wine has a superiority over white wine (its flavor), hatov vehametiv can still be recited …

1208 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 62 Siman 12-15) – Hatov U’meitiv 16 – On a Second Wine 4; More Details Read More »

1207 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 62 Siman 12) – Hatov U’meitiv 15 – On a Second Wine 3; Two Types of Hatov U’Meitiv

 We are continuing in siman 12. We left off with an apparent contradiction within the Mishnah Berurah. In one place, the Mishnah Berurah writes that the hagafen one recites on their first wine will cover any other wines in their house, and in another place he writes that if one is unsure which of two …

1207 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 62 Siman 12) – Hatov U’meitiv 15 – On a Second Wine 3; Two Types of Hatov U’Meitiv Read More »

1206 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 62 Siman 12) – Hatov U’meitiv 14 – On a Second Wine 2; Planning on Two Wines 1

 We are continuing siman 12. The Chayei Adam writes that when a person knows they will have two wines during a meal, if both wines are in front of them at the time of the first bracha (borei pri hagafen), they should make the hagafen on the better wine. The Chayei Adam explains that the …

1206 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 62 Siman 12) – Hatov U’meitiv 14 – On a Second Wine 2; Planning on Two Wines 1 Read More »

1205 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 62 Siman 12) – Hatov U’meitiv 13 – On a Second Wine; Introduction – 1

 We are beginning siman 12. From siman 12 until the end of the Klal, the Chayei Adam will discuss the halachos of reciting hatov vehametiv on wine. The Chayei Adam begins with an introduction.  The Gemara learns from pesukim that mideoraysa, there are three ideas which must be mentioned. These are mazon, the land, and …

1205 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 62 Siman 12) – Hatov U’meitiv 13 – On a Second Wine; Introduction – 1 Read More »

1204 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 62 Siman 11) – Shehecheyanu – 12 – On Receiving a Yerusha

 We are beginning siman 11. The Chayei Adam writes that if one of the seven close relatives of a person pass away, and they receive an inheritance as a result, in addition to reciting the bracha of dayan haemes, they must also recite shehecheyanu. If the inheritance is being shared with others, the bracha is …

1204 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 62 Siman 11) – Shehecheyanu – 12 – On Receiving a Yerusha Read More »

1203 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 62 Siman 10) – Shehecheyanu – 11 – Mitzvos

 We are beginning siman 10, which discusses reciting shehecheyanu on mitzvos. We have learned (shiur 1193) that shehecheyanu is made on mitzvos due to their cyclical element. We make a shehecheyanu both on the yom tov itself and for the mitzvos associated with it. Thus, for example, when one makes a shehecheyanu on Pesach or …

1203 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 62 Siman 10) – Shehecheyanu – 11 – Mitzvos Read More »

1202 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 62 Siman 8-9) – Shehecheyanu 10 – New Fruits 2

 We have finished siman 9. The Chayei Adam wrote that vegetables do not receive a shehecheyanu because they are stored from year to year. This idea would seem to approximate our reality nowadays, where we transcend the local seasons through refrigeration and other methods. Therefore, in a country where such methods are employed, it would …

1202 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 62 Siman 8-9) – Shehecheyanu 10 – New Fruits 2 Read More »

1201 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 62 Siman 8-9) – Shehecheyanu 9 – New Fruits 1

 We are beginning siman 8. The Chayei Adam addresses the shehecheyanu made on new fruits. We will learn the Chayei Adam, and then discuss the practical ramifications.  Fruits which grow in cyclical seasons receive a shehecheyanu, even if the cycle is irregular (e.g., every other year), because there is a time element, and there is …

1201 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 62 Siman 8-9) – Shehecheyanu 9 – New Fruits 1 Read More »

1200 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 62 Siman 5-7) – Shehecheyanu -8 -Mitzvos Lav Lehanos Nitnu; Seeing a Lost Friend

We finished siman 5. The Chayei Adam applied the concept of mitzvos lav le’henos nitnu (mitzvos were not given for us to gain material benefit, therefore any perceived material benefit is not halachically considered benefit) to seforim, writing that one does not make a shehecheyanu on acquiring a new sefer. He also brought an opinion, …

1200 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 62 Siman 5-7) – Shehecheyanu -8 -Mitzvos Lav Lehanos Nitnu; Seeing a Lost Friend Read More »

1199 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 62 Siman 4-5) – Shehecheyanu 7 – Engagement Ring; New Sefarim

 We have finished siman 4, where we learned about the bracha made on receiving a gift. The Chayei Adam wrote that if a poor person receives a gift, they make a hatov vehametiv, because both the poor person and the giver benefit–the recipient from the gift, and the giver from the opportunity to give tzedakah. …

1199 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 62 Siman 4-5) – Shehecheyanu 7 – Engagement Ring; New Sefarim Read More »

1198 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 62 Siman 3-4) – Shehecheyanu 6 – Only a Davar Chashuv; Receiving a Present

 We are beginning siman 3. The Chayei Adam previously explained (shiur 1195) that the root of the reason to recite shehecheyanu is the simcha one feels from the new item. Therefore, the Chayei Adam writes that if one does not receive simcha from the item (due to it’s lack of Chashivus), they do not make …

1198 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 62 Siman 3-4) – Shehecheyanu 6 – Only a Davar Chashuv; Receiving a Present Read More »

1197 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 62 Siman 2) – Shehecheyanu 5 – Tzitzis and Tefillin

 We are continuing in siman 2. We learned that if one buys a new tallis, the proper time to make the shehecheyanu is when they string the tzitzis. If one buys the tallis with the tzitzis already strung, he should make the bracha when he first wears it.  We have learned that shehecheyanu should either …

1197 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 62 Siman 2) – Shehecheyanu 5 – Tzitzis and Tefillin Read More »

1196 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 62 Siman 2) – Shehecheyanu 4 – New Cloths; Malbish Arumim

 We are beginning siman 2. We learned that the appropriate time to make the bracha shehecheyanu is when the item is first acquired. However, if the item is not usable at the time of acquisition, the bracha is made upon its first use.   In siman 2, the Chayei Adam writes that in addition to a …

1196 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 62 Siman 2) – Shehecheyanu 4 – New Cloths; Malbish Arumim Read More »

1195 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 62 Siman 2) – Shehecheyanu 3 – New House

 We are beginning siman 2. The Chayei Adam writes that one recites shehecheyanu on building or buying a new house, even if they already own another house. The Mishnah Berurah holds that one only makes a shehecheyanu when they live alone. If they have a wife and/or children, since others receive benefit as well, one …

1195 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 62 Siman 2) – Shehecheyanu 3 – New House Read More »

1194 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 62 Siman 1-2) – Shehecheyanu 2 – Shmuos Tovos; Kailim Chadoshim

 We are beginning siman 1. The Chayei Adam writes that one recites the bracha shehecheyanu on good tidings which are relevant only to oneself. If the good tidings are relevant to oneself and to others, one makes the bracha hatov vehameitiv.  The Chayei Adam gives an example. If one hears that their wife gave birth …

1194 – Birchos Hodaah – (Klal 62 Siman 1-2) – Shehecheyanu 2 – Shmuos Tovos; Kailim Chadoshim Read More »

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